Promenadeplatz 8
80333 Munich
+49 (0)89 21 26 90 90
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Specialised in all

vascular diseases.

Our objective:
freedom from symptoms.

 

Your quality of life takes priority.

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Vascular diseases can have any one of an array of causes. They can be innate, for example. Or be associated with the patient’s lifestyle. Here, we list a few of the most frequent vascular diseases. Basically, the same applies to any illness symptoms you experience – have them investigated by a vascular specialist.

 

Common artery diseases

 

Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis

Acute blocked artery in the leg

Acute blocked artery in the leg

Acute lack of circulation in the brain (stroke)

Acute lack of circulation in the brain (stroke)

Chronic lack of blood flow in the leg (PAD)

Chronic lack of blood flow in the leg (PAD)

Functional circulatory disorders

Functional circulatory disorders

Further artery diseases

Further artery diseases

Arteriosclerosis

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Pathological accumulation of cholesterol and other fats in the inner vascular wall layer.
Deposits build up on the walls (plaque) and constrictions (stenoses) form, through to vascular obliterations.

Symptoms:
Leg pain associated with movement, paralysis, angina pectoris/ cardiac pain

The most dangerous manifestation of arteriosclerosis is an acute blocked artery.
CAUTION: this is frequently an EMERGENCY!
Please contact us if you experience the symptoms described above!

Acute blocked artery in the leg

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This is caused by a sudden vascular obliteration of a pre-existing constriction, or sometimes by a blood clot from the heart.

Symptoms:
Acute pain in the leg, one-sided blanching, a feeling of coldness in the leg

A sudden arterial circulatory disorder must be treated immediately, without any delay! Emergency!

Acute lack of circulation in the brain (stroke)

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This is usually caused by a blood clot breaking away from an atherosclerosis, a constriction to the arteries supplying the brain or from the heart. Rarely, a stroke is caused by a brain haemorrhage.

Symptoms:
Symptoms of paralysis, speech disturbances, visual disturbances, unconsciousness

Therapy by means of blood thinning, a catheter intervention or an operation must be performed without delay! Emergency!

Chronic lack of blood flow in the leg (PAD)

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Peripheral arterial disease PAD = exercise-related lack of oxygen to the leg musculature and pain caused by atherosclerosis/constrictions of the vessel.

Symptoms:
Exercise-related pain in the calf

Functional circulatory disorders

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These are the results of a defective control of the vascular wall musculature by the nerves, without the presence of structural vessel damage.

Symptoms:
Temperature-related blanching of the toes/fingers (Raynaud’s phenomenon)

Further artery diseases

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• Constrictions to the renal and mesenteric arteries
• Aneurysms (dilations) to the aorta/main artery and peripheral arteries
• Embolisms (formation of blood clots which break away into smaller vessels)
• Inflammatory vascular diseases (vasculitis)
• Compression of vessels by muscles or tendons from outside (so-called entrapment phenomenon)
• Compression caused by weaknesses to the vascular wall (cystic adventitial degeneration) from inside
• Vascular misformations and vascular tumors
• Compression of vessels and nerves caused by increased pressure in groups of muscles (compartment syndrome)

 

 

Frequent venous diseases

 

Vein thrombosis

Vein thrombosis

Varicose veins (varicosis)

Varicose veins (varicosis)

Chronic venous insufficiency: chronic swelling of the leg, open leg (ulcus cruris)

Chronic venous insufficiency:
chronic swelling of the leg, open leg (ulcus cruris)

Superficial inflammation of the vein (thrombophlebitis)

Superficial inflammation
of the vein (thrombophlebitis)

Spider veins

Spider veins

Vein thrombosis

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The most dangerous acute venous disease is the sudden obstruction of a deep vein caused by a blood clot.

Risks:
The blood clot can flush out into the lungs and block a pulmonary vessel (pulmonary embolism), open leg (ulcus cruris), causing long-term damage.

Symptoms:
Swelling of the leg, a dull ache, feeling of tension, pain walking, shortness of breath, coughing up blood (pulmonary embolism)

A vein thrombosis must be treated immediately. Emergency!

Varicose veins (varicosis)

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Weakness of the superficial vein system with various types of manifestation.

Symptoms:
Visible varicose veins, swollen ankles, dark discolouration of the inner malleolus, feeling of heaviness

Chronic venous insufficiency: chronic swelling of the leg, open leg (ulcus cruris)

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Leaky vein valves in the deep and/or superficial vein systems combined with a reduced venous pump function.

Consequence:
The used blood does not flow upwards to the heart, but rather back to the foot.

Symptoms:
Symptoms of congestion in the legs, such as in the form of swellings, progressive changes to the skin and, ultimately, an open leg/ulcers

(However, the open leg can also be the result of an arterial circulatory disorder).

Superficial inflammation of the vein (thrombophlebitis)

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A blood clot forms in a superficial vein which, if left untreated, can sometimes become ingrown in the deep vein system.

Symptoms:
Painful hardening in a varicose vein, localised overheating, pressure pain, swelling

Spider veins

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Harmless form of vein dilation.

Symptoms:
Generally asymptomatic, generally pain free over the life of the spider veins, frequently in combination with cellulitis

 

 

Disorders of the lymphatic system

 

Lymph oedema

Lymph oedema

St. Anthony’s fire (erysipelas)

St. Anthony’s fire (erysipelas)

Ulcer

Ulcer

Lymph oedema

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Swelling of the leg caused by damage to the drainage of the lymphatic fluid can be the result of other illnesses (secondary lymph oedema), such as following an operation, or innate (primary).

Symptoms:
Swelling of the leg, feeling of heaviness, hardening of the skin, formation of ulcers

Erysipelas

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Bacterial inflammation in the congested lymphatics.

Risk: blood poisoning

The erysipelas must be immediately treated with anti-biotics. Emergency!

Ulcer

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Disturbance of growth to the skin with the formation of ulcers caused by chronically congested lymphatics and cracking of the skin.

Risk: infection

Diagnostics

Our specialists offer personal consultation, explain every single detail to you and recommend the best possible solution for your issue.

Diagnostics

Therapy

Our approach to therapy: “Minimally invasive – maximally gentle”. Thanks to the latest treatment methods, open surgery can be avoided in most cases.

Therapy


In an emergency

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Outside of surgery hours,
please call the emergency
medical assistance service on:
Telephone number 116 117.

Promenadeplatz
Vascular Centre

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Promenadeplatz 8 | 80333 Munich
T: +49 (0)89 21 26 90 90
F: +49 (0)89 21 26 90 99
E: info(at)gefaesszentrum-promenadeplatz.de

Opening hours
Monday, Tuesday, Thursday:
8 a.m. to 1 p.m., 2 to 6 p.m.
Wednesday and Friday:
8 a.m. to 1 p.m.

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